The leading industries in the County are coal, timber and agricultrual operations, including livestock, dairy products, hay, grain, poultry and fruit.
Nestled in the Alleghany Mountains, the area offers many recreational opportunities and considers outdoor recreation and tourism one of its most important resources.
Lewisburg is the County Seat and is located in the south central part of the County just northwest of White Sulphur Springs, home of the world renowned Greenbrier Resort and Spa.
The eastern and western portions of the County are linked by Interstate 64. Two of the main highways in the County are historical transportation routes that have been used for hundreds of years. US Route 219 (Seneca Trail) and US Route 60 (Midland Trail) intersect in downtown Lewisburg.
Historically, Greenbrier County has been primarily agricultural, but is experiencing some population growth and significant development, so the issues the County government faces is an ever changing challenge.